LIFE EREMITA

What is Natura 2000 network?

It’s a system of natural and semi-natural areas protected under the European Union legislation, both on land and at sea

Rete Natura 2000 logoNatura 2000 is the main instrument of the EU policy for biodiversity conservation. It’s an ecological network that stretches all across the EU territory, established in compliance with the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) in order to guarantee the long term survival of natural habitats and those species of flora and fauna that are threatened or rare at Community level.

The Natura 2000 ecological network is based on the designation of Sites of Community Importance (SCIs), i.e. areas with high environmental value, that integrate the Special Protection Areas (SPAs) especially designed for the birds under the Birds Directive (79/409/EEC).

The two Directives aim to mend the rips in the European territory, whom underwent so many fragmentations of the natural environment due to urbanization, industrial activities, intensive agriculture and infrastructures development. To guarantee the survival of the most valuable and threatened species means to protect their minimum vital space and to restore the connections among the habitats, by promoting interventions that eliminate the threats to habitats and species and that outline the most appropriate methodologies for the re-naturalisation.

The main objective of ensuring the maintenance or restoration of a favourable conservation status of each natural habitat type and of the life conditions of the species is achieved concretely both by applying specific Directives and management and monitoring measures, and by applying the procedures of EIA and SEA to all the plans, programmes and projects to be implemented inside or near to the Natura 2000 sites.

The EU’s financial instrument supporting environmental actions, aimed at habitats and species conservation of Community interest is LIFE Nature, together with the structural funds of the Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) specifically dedicated to Natura 2000.

 

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published on 2016/05/19 10:05:00 GMT+1 last modified 2019-01-14T14:52:40+01:00

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